Table of Contents

Editors' Note

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CULTURE

Alicja Mazek

Employment on Sugar Plantations in Hawaii and Puerto Rico as an Incentive of Social Change in the 19th and 20th Century: The Past and Present Influence of the White Sweetener

Despite being a simple food product, sugar is often regarded as a powerful commodity in social and political terms. This essay compares its influence on the development of the populations of Hawaii and Puerto Rico, which were immensely transformed by the sugar industry, especially by the migration of labor force. As shown, the multiculturalism of Hawaii and the contemporary social and economical crisis in Puerto Rico can be directly linked to the popular sweetener.

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Adriana Kamińska

The Position of a Governess on the Example of Charlotte Brontë's Life

The essay focuses on the role and status of the governess in 19th century society. In Victorian world the governess was a familiar yet also a strange figure. This essay explains why her position was so exceptional. It presents the origins of the profession as well as the duties and everyday routine of the English governess. Charlotte Brontë's life serves as an example of the way almost every governess lived, struggling with the feeling of loneliness and the disadvantages experienced.

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Dorota Osińska

Non-Angelic Angels: Reinterpretations of Angels in Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Ecce Ancilla Domini! and George Frederick Watts' Death Crowning Innocence

This essay analyses the way angels were reinterpreted in the nineteenth-century art, as exemplified by two paintings: D.G. Rossetti's Ecce Ancilla Domini! and G.F. Watts's Death Crowning Innocence. Even though the tradition of angelic representation is long, the nineteenth-century artists made several attempts to play with the typical depictions of angels, presenting them as either ambiguously eroticised messengers of God or the seemingly frightening caregivers who ultimately provide comfort and consolation.

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LINGUISTICS

Daria Janaszek

The Style of the Prioress and the Wife of Bath: French Borrowings in the Field of Fashion in Chaucer's "General Prologue" to The Canterbury Tales

The aim of this essay is to discuss French borrowings used by Geoffrey Chaucer to describe the appearance of two characters: the Prioress and the Wife of Bath in "General Prologue" to The Canterbury Tales. Two first parts of the essay are devoted to the history of England and France from the relevant period and to the categorization of French borrowings. The third part focuses on the biography of Geoffrey Chaucer and depicts The Canterbury Tales as a literary work. Three final parts are devoted to the analysis of the chosen borrowings and to conclusions drawn from the analysis.

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Anna Jaworska

NSM Exponents of Mental Predicates in French: Translation, Commentary, and Lexical Elaboration of THINK

The paper is devoted to the NSM exponents of "Mental Predicates" in French. NSM (Natural Semantic Metalanguage) is a tool for cross-cultural analysis of meaning originated by Anna Wierzbicka. The aim of the study is to examine how NSM applies to French, a Romance language. The paper focuses on a French translation of 99 canonical sentences (formulated in English) and discusses major difficulties in translating those sentences (in the section "Mental Predicates") into French.

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STUDENT ESSAY PRIZE 2017 - winners (ex aequo)

Adam Łukasiak

Departmental Libraries and Electronic Books: Unlikely Allies in Times of Transition

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Filip Boratyn

The Case for Libraries

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POETRY

Natalia Valadzko

Edgar Allan Poe, Desert Sun, Hanger

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Ula Świątek

BA Eng Lit Year 1, Scene, Forefathers' Eve

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Anees Ratheestharan

Expect the Expectations, Phases by Time, Is it Worth?

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ESSAYS & COURSES

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